Full Name: Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria
Born: December 1, 1949
Died: December 2, 1993
Birth Place: Rionegro, Colombia
Who is Pablo Escobar?
Pablo Escobar (Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria), a Colombian drug lord and narcoterrorist was arguably the world’s most powerful drug trafficker and criminal in the 1980s and early ’90s.
Escobar’s father was a farmer and his mother a teacher. He was born in Rionegro and moved to Envigado, Colombia at his teenage. He began his life of crime from his teenage. Selling fake diplomas and smuggling stereo equipment were his early illegal activities. Pablo Escobar was first arrested at the age of 25, in 1974 for the charge of stealing cars.
Later Escobar got involved in drug smuggling as the cocaine industry grew in Colombia.
In 1976 he founded and led the crime organisation namely Medellín cartel, the first organization to establish smuggling routes into the U.S. It is estimated that by the 1980s, Escobar had shipped 70 to 80 tons of cocaine every month into the country.
As a result, Escabar became one of the richest people in the world, along with the title “The King of Cocaine”. On the other side Colombia was entitled as the “murder capital of the world” as Escobar consistently battled rival cartels domestically and abroad. He murdered locals, police officers, prominent politicians and judges.
In 1991, Escobar surrendered to authorities and was sentenced to five years imprisonment. But on a condition that he will be housed in a self-built prison called La Catedral. He led a luxury life in La Catedral with all the facilities. In 1992, authorities made an attempt to move him to a more standard holding facility but he escaped and went into hiding.
On 2 December 1993, Escobar was killed at the age of 44 in his hometown by Colombian National Police.
How much was pablo escobar worth?
As the Medellín cartel dominated the cocaine trade, $420 million a week flowed into Escobar which made him one of the wealthiest people in the world very quickly. With a reported worth of $25 billion, Escobar led a luxury lifestyle including private planes and luxurious homes. In the late 1980s Escobar offered to pay off his country’s debt of $10 billion. Reportedly he has burned $2 million in order to keep his daughter warm.
Escobar had a lot of money that he had struggled in storing, and much of it was stored in warehouses and fields. According to his brother, about 10% was eaten by rats or destroyed by other reasons.
La Catedral – Pablo Escobar’s Self-designed Prison
In 1989, Escobar assassinated Luis Carlos Galán, a Colombian liberal politician and journalist, as the César Gaviria administration fought against him and the drug cartels. Eventually, the government continued negotiation with him to surrender in exchange for a better treatment at prison.
In 1991, the drug lord surrendered to the Colombian Government declaring an end to a series of previous violent acts. But on a condition that he will be housed in a self-designed prison called La Catedral.
La Catedral is also called “Hotel Escobar” or “Club Medellín” because of its luxury amenities. The prison featured a giant dollhouse, Jacuzzi, bar, and waterfall. He was also allowed communication with the outside world, in fact he had a telescope installed to look down to his daughter’s residence while talking with her on the phone. Escobar also had the right to choose who would guard him.
Moreover, the La Catedral was designed more to keep out enemies and protect him from murder attempts, than to keep him in.
Escobar continued criminal activities while in prison which provoked the government to move him to a more conventional jail. With his influence, he discovered the plan in advance and made a successful escape.
How did pablo escobar die?
Pablo Escobar died in a shootout led by Brigadier Hugo Martínez on 2 December 1993, sixteen months after his escape from La Catedral. The Colombian electronic surveillance team found him hiding in Los Olivos by using radio trilateration technology.
The two fugitives in the scene were shot and killed by Colombian National Police while attempting to escape by running across the roofs of adjoining houses.
With wide speculation remaining regarding the subject, It has never been proven who actually fired the final fatal shot which killed Pablo Escobar. People also believe that Pablo committed suiced by shooting himself.
After pablo escobar’s death
After Escobar’s death, the cocaine market was dominated by the rival Cali Cartel. Later by the mid-1990s the leaders were either killed by the Colombian Government.
Many poor people in the city whom Escobar had helped continued giving him the Robin Hood image. More than 25,000 people attended his funeral and few considered him as a saint.
Interesting facts about Pablo Escobar
- Escobar had ample money to spend, that he was once considered the 7th richest man in the world.
- In fact Escobar was so rich that he bought an island in The Bahamas: Cayo Norman.
- Escobar’s criminal organization, The Medellín cartel spent $2,500 on rubber bands a month!
- By the end of the 1980s, Pablo supplied 80% of the world’s cocaine.
- Storing the money was one of the struggles Pablo had, rats ate millions of dollars he stored in houses and fields.
- When Escobar married 1976, he was 27 and his bride was just 15.
- Escobar was shot a day after his 44th birthday.
- More than 25,000 people attended Pablo’s funeral.
Most Searched Questions and Answers
1. Who shot Pablo Escobar?
Ans: Jhon Jairo Velásquez
2. What happened to Pablo Escobar’s money?
Ans: A large portion of Don Pablo’s money went to the Colombian government.
3. How many deaths was Pablo Escobar responsible for?
Ans: He reportedly killed some 4,000 people, including numerous police officers and government officials.
4. Where is pablo escobar from?
Ans: Escobar was born in Rionegro, Colombia in 1949