Russia is the largest country in the world with the land area of 6.6 million square miles. Russia also holds 9th position in the list of countries with highest population, with a total population estimated to be 145,934,462 people.
Based on the area, population, landmass, and diversity, the largest country in the world is represented. Where the world is one giant spherical ball that has been separated into a total of 195 countries, among them two countries are non-members observer states, whereas the rest comes under member states of the united nation.
The largest country is a heading of classification, where it can be sub-classified in many different genres like the largest country in the world based on population, habitat, and area. Here we have listed out the top 5 largest countries based on the area.
Russia – Largest Country in the World
- Size: 6,592,771 square miles
- Population: 145,872,256
- Capital city: Moscow
- Date of independence: August 24, 1991
- Area km²: 17,098,242
- Percentage of Earth land area: 11.5%
- Continent: Northern Asia and Eastern Europe
- Bordering countries by land: Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, North Korea, Norway, Poland, Ukraine
A vast area that expands up to 6.6 million square miles is the world’s largest country, i.e., Russia. With eleven different time zones and 16 neighboring countries’ borders being shared, it becomes the country with the largest landmass. Russian territory expands from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, which is from its West to East, and the Arctic Ocean to the Black sea, which is from North to South. Even though it has the largest landscape, its population is said to be in the 9th position among other countries.
The late 16th century is when Russia achieved its territorial expansion, this happened because Yermak Timofeyevich led the Russian conquest of Siberia in the reign of Ivan the Terrible. At the time in the western region of Russia stopped competing for small cities and banded them to form one massive country.
Russia is also filled with lots of natural minerals and resources like timber deposits, petroleum, natural gas, core, and other minerals. One of the greatest treasures Russia possesses is its large and widely flowing rivers and inland water bodies. It is said to have the world’s largest water surface resource, which is approximately one-third of the world’s liquid form freshwater source. Besides, Lake Baikal in Russia is one of the oldest, purest, deepest, and most capacious freshwater lakes in the world.
Russia’s climate is mainly based on continental influence, where summers are warm and hot, whereas winters are very cold with a temperature of lower than 30-degree Celsius. Winter usually starts from the end of October to mid of March, at this time of the year it’s mostly dry, and snow covers the ground.
Canada – Second Largest Country in the World
- Size: 3,854,082 square miles
- Population: 37,411,047
- Capital city: Ottawa
- Date of independence: July 1, 1867
- Area km²: 9,984,670
- Percentage of Earth land area: 6.7%
- Continent: North America
- Bordering countries by land: United States
The country with ten provinces and three territories that expands from the Atlantic to the Pacific and Arctic oceans northern territory, with an area of 3.8 million square miles, this is known as the second-largest country in the world, i.e., Canada. Canada is known for its influence on a broad range of constituent nationalities and is continuously protective. The country is known for its empathy towards people and equality, among others. One of the significant accomplishments of Canada is they accept every culture. Multiculturalism is one of its distinguished elements.
Canadian government takes everything under consideration and works for people’s needs and rights; it has lots of great schemes for people welfare, strictly no guns, immigrants are selective, strong efforts to eliminate poverty, women’s rights, and LGBTQ rights. These are the reasons why Canada is a peaceful country, and that symbolizes their parliament’s peace tower.
China – Third Largest Country in the World
- Size: 3,704,426 square miles
- Population: 1,433,783,686
- Capital city: Beijing
- Date of independence: October 1, 1949
- Area km²: 9,596,961
- Percentage of Earth land area: 6.5%
- Continent: Asia
- Bordering countries by land: Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam
The country in East Asia, with a population of 1.4 billion people is said to be the world’s largest populated country in the world, i.e., China. It is about 3.7 million square miles, and it is the 3rd largest country in the world and the most populated country in the world. China is the fastest-growing country on a GDP basis. China is not only the largest populated country but also the world’s largest goods export country and second-largest goods importing country.
Besides, China holds the second-largest share of 17.7% of the world’s wealth, and China is the base of the worlds top 4 largest banks and has the world’s largest banking sector. China has the highest number of rich people in the world who possess 10% of the world’s wealth. China also has the world’s largest standing army and is said to be the world’s recognized nuclear-weapon state. It shows that China is on top of the economy, development in infrastructure, and military power.
United States of America – Fourth Largest Country in the World
- Size: 3,717,727 square miles
- Population: 329,064,917
- Capital city: Washington, D.C.
- Date of independence: July 4, 1776
- Area km²: 9,525,067
- Percentage of Earth land area: 6.4%
- Continent: North America
- Bordering countries by land: Canada, Mexico
The fourth-largest country in the world with about 3.6 million square miles area is the United States of America. The size includes the costa; and territorial waters of the US. Mexico borders the US in its South and Canada in the North. It is home to a diverse array of geography and wildlife.
The US has its two North-South features that split the nation into three distinct pieces. The first piece is the West of the Rocky Mountains, the Pacific States, and it has year-round temperate weather and long expanse of beach along the coast of California. The second piece is sandwiched between the Mississippi River and the Rockies. It is the great plain that stretches from Canada to Mexico. The final piece is in East Mississippi. It is popularly known as the industrial and economic hub of America.
Brazil – Fifth Largest Country in the World
- Size: 3,285,618 square miles
- Population: 211,049,527
- Capital city: Brasilia
- Date of independence: September 7, 1822
- Area km²: 8,514,877
- Percentage of Earth land area: 5.7%
- Continent: South America
- Bordering countries by land: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, France (French Guiana), Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela
Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world and also the largest country in South America, with an area of about 3.3 million square miles. The country is the home to the Amazon, the world’s largest rainforest.
The country has its lengthy Atlantic coastline on the east side that stretches approximately 8,000 km. The country has five primary geographic areas, that includes, the northern Guiana Highlands, Brazilian Highlands, the massive Amazon River Basin, the Pantanal wetland areas of the southwest, and the Southern Highlands.
Top 10 Largest Countries in the World
List of largest countries based on their landscape.
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